중국이 해외에 있는 최고 두뇌들을 끌어들이기 위해 최고의 연봉과 매력적인 지원책을 제시하였다. 하기사 중국 정부로 봐서는 남아도는게 외화이니.. 이런 식으로 자국 발전의 기초를 쌓을 수 있다면 얼마나 좋은 방안인가???

아래 기사는 그런 중국 정부의 움직임에 대해 전문 과학지인 네이쳐지가 뉴스로 담은 내용이다.

우리나라 정부는 한 해에 정부장학생으로 얼마 되지 않는 수의 학생을 해외 정상의 학문기지로 보낸다..  그나마..  정부장학생으로 선발된 사람들에게 마지막 조언으로 던지는 발언이 " 제발 졸업하시고 귀국 좀 해주세요"라는 말이다..
하지만 귀국하면 ,, 아무런 대책을 마련해 주지 않는다.. 알아서,, 강의를 하던가, 취업을 하던가 하고나서,, 그냥 우리나라 법인체에서 3년간 근문했다는 자료만 제출해주길 요구한다..  국민에게 세금을 거둬서 최고의 인제양성 프로그램으로 보내놓고 나서도 그 관리를 제대로 하지 못하는 시스템인 것이다. 최소한 국민이 투자한 국비장학생에 대한 관리와 활용방안을 강구해야 할 것이다.
 

중국과 일본은 이미 오래전부터 우리보다 휠씬 많은 숫자의 정부장학생을 세계 각처 주요 대학에 포진시켜놓았고, 그들에게 안정된 학업과 더불어 귀국후의 연구활동에 도움을 주는 것으로 알고 있다..  물론 우리나라 인구수와 중국의 인구수에 비하면,, 결코 우리가 적은 규모는 아닐 지 몰라도,, 단순히 숫자에 관련된 관리 시스템이 차이를 보이는 것일까???

중국 최고 행정관리의 발표에 따르면 목표가 되는 전문 인력에게 교수직을 제공하고 한 명당 미국달러 146.000불을 먼저 제공하고 여기에 대학과 연구기관에서 제공하는 월급과 연구비를  받는다. (* 물론 최고 수준의 과학자에겐 훨씬 나은 조건이 준비되어있다..)

참 부럽당~~ㅇㅇㅇㅇㅇㅇㅇㅇㅇ

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China targets top talent from overseas

Package aims to entice high-flyers back home.

China has announced a nationwide plan that promises top salaries and attractive funding to elite researchers who are working overseas and willing to return to the country. The plan, known as the one-thousand-talents scheme, aims to boost China's innovation capability. But critics say that its success will depend on whether domestic talent gets similar support, and whether the country's science infrastructure can be reformed.

"The scheme sends a strong signal that the Chinese government values talented people from overseas and welcomes their contribution in key areas of research development," says Zhanqing Li, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Maryland in College Park.

The plan, announced this month by the country's top personnel administration, targets people with full professorships or the equivalent in developed countries. It offers a relocation package of 1 million renminbi (US$146,000) per person, with salaries and research funding left to universities and institutes to sort out.

Previous approaches — such as the Chinese Academy of Sciences' one-hundred-talents scheme and the education ministry's Yangtze River Scholar Scheme — have lured more than 4,000 researchers, mostly at postdoctoral or assistant-professor levels, back to the country in the past fifteen years.

Time for change

The new scheme "wouldn't have worked just a few years ago", says Muming Poo, a neuroscientist at the University of California, Berkeley, and director of the academy's Institute of Neuroscience in Shanghai. But given pressures on funding in the developed world, China can offer researchers comparable, if not better, support.

Researchers of non-Chinese origins will also be considered, says a source in the personnel and education bureau at the Chinese Academy of Sciences' headquarters in Beijing, who did not want to be identified without official permission to speak. In contrast to the current regulations, the new scheme means that non-Chinese nationals will be eligible for positions as principal investigators on major national projects.

“Without a long-term commitment to creating such an environment, any talent schemes would be futile.”

Details have not yet been released on how much the science and education ministries will contribute. But Poo says that the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a ministry-level organization, alone will provide up to 20 million renminbi for top-level scientists as a one-off, start-up package over five years, including annual salaries of up to 1 million renminbi. The number of recruits over the next five years will depend on the balance of demand and supply, and is likely to be in the hundreds.

"The details of how the scheme will be operated will be important," says Rao Yi, dean of the life-sciences school at Peking University. Rao warns that the selection process should focus on a candidate's potential as well as his or her past academic record. "Some assistant or associate professors may have more potential than full professors," says Wei Jia, a biochemist at the University of North Carolina in Greensboro. "This should be dealt with on an individual basis." The widely differing criteria for professorship between universities and countries should also be a factor.

Jia says that institutes and universities should develop long-term strategic plans before starting to recruit. In the past, some organizations were more preoccupied with meeting targets than ensuring that the skills and research areas of the recruits were appropriate. "This has led to talented people moving to another organization or even leaving the country," says Jia, who returned to the United States last year after nearly a decade in China.

Domestic discontent

The generous package of the new talent scheme, especially the salaries, is likely to cause resentment in researchers already in China. Last year, rumours about the salary of Shi Yigong, whom the Beijing-based Tsinghua University recruited from Princeton University in New Jersey, caused an outcry among principal investigators in China.

Top-range salaries and funding are necessary for attracting the overseas elite, but the resentment of their domestic peers should not be ignored, say critics. "It is important that researchers recruited to China at a junior stage should be able to compete for the same level of support," says Rao. "There should be a matching talent scheme for domestic scientists."

Still, some doubt whether overseas professors will jump to the call. "Money is important for practical issues," says Li. "But the determinant factor is whether we would be able to be as productive in China as we are in the United States." Some elite researchers may be put off by the scientific culture and policies in China, which historically has neither encouraged critical thinking and intellectual exchange nor ensured fair competition.

"We have a proverb in China: it takes a decade to grow a strong tree and a century to create a nourishing environment in which talents could flourish," says Jia. "Without a long-term commitment to creating such an environment, any talent schemes would be futile." Poo agrees: "Talent schemes and science-infrastructure reform must go hand in hand."

Corrected:

This article previously cited an incorrect salary for Shi Yigong of Tsinghua University, Beijing. Nature apologises for the mistake, and for any distress caused.


Posted by Ginani

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